Chandrayaan-3 Space Mission

What will happen to Chandrayaan-3?

Chandrayaan-3, India’s first successful soft landing mission, made its historic touchdown on the Moon at 6:04 PM on August 23, 2023. The nation celebrated this remarkable achievement, designating August 23 as National Space Day in honor of the event. The landing site was named Shiv Shakti Point, the very spot where Chandrayaan-3 gently settled on the lunar surface.

Capturing the First Glimpse

Immediately after landing, Chandrayaan-3 sent back its first images, providing a breathtaking view of the lunar landscape. These initial images not only thrilled the scientists but also captivated the entire nation.

Rover’s Debut

Following the image transmission, the rover onboard Chandrayaan-3 took center stage. ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization) promptly released a photo of the rover, triggering widespread applause and excitement across India. It was a moment of pride as the nation witnessed its technological prowess on the lunar surface.

The Remarkable Footage

ISRO didn’t stop at releasing images. They also shared an awe-inspiring video of Chandrayaan-3’s descent and landing. This complete video showcased the rover’s dramatic entry onto the Moon’s surface, making every Indian proud.

Pragyaan Rover’s Mission

The next significant step was the deployment of the Pragyaan rover, equipped with the critical task of inspecting lunar soil, dust, and water content. This inspection was essential to gain insights into the lunar composition and resources.

The Lingering Question

However, as the mission unfolded, a lingering question emerged: Why won’t Chandrayaan-3 return to Earth? This question baffled many, especially considering the previous Chandrayaan-2 mission, which did not achieve a soft landing. Would Chandrayaan-3 be different?

A Pre-Planned Operation

The answer lies in the nature of the mission. Chandrayaan-3 was meticulously planned to operate for a mere 15 days. Yes, you read that right. All the technological marvel and effort were primarily focused on a short-duration mission. It wasn’t a mishap or error; it was a precisely designed operation for a brief period.

The Reality of Lunar Conditions

The reason behind this short mission lies in the unique conditions of the Moon. Unlike Earth, the Moon lacks an atmosphere and experiences minimal disturbances. It’s a silent, desolate world where dust and footprints remain undisturbed for millions of years.

A Lasting Legacy

This means that whatever Chandrayaan-3 leaves on the Moon’s surface will remain there indefinitely. Just like the footprints of astronauts from the Apollo missions are still visible on the lunar surface today, any artifacts or equipment left by Chandrayaan-3 will endure for countless years.

The Cost of Return

Bringing a spacecraft back from the Moon is an expensive and complex undertaking. The spacecraft must navigate the Moon’s orbit, re-enter Earth’s atmosphere, and safely land. This process involves a considerable budget increase due to the need for additional equipment and technology to withstand the re-entry conditions.

The Importance of Unmanned Missions

This is why unmanned missions, like Chandrayaan-3, are not designed for return journeys. Their primary objective is data collection and research. These missions are more cost-effective and can provide valuable information about celestial bodies without the complexities of a return journey.

The Future of Lunar Exploration

While Chandrayaan-3 won’t return to Earth, it’s paving the way for future missions. ISRO has plans for upcoming missions that will retrieve lunar samples and bring them back to Earth for further study. These missions will have the necessary mechanisms to safely return with their valuable payloads.
In conclusion, Chandrayaan-3 is a testament to India’s scientific prowess and commitment to space exploration. While it won’t return to Earth, it will leave an indelible mark on the lunar surface, contributing to our understanding of the Moon’s composition and resources.


  1. Why won’t Chandrayaan-3 return to Earth? Chandrayaan-3 is designed as an unmanned mission for data collection and research. Bringing it back to Earth would significantly increase the mission’s complexity and cost.
  2. What is the significance of the 15-day mission duration? The 15-day mission duration was a pre-planned operation to maximize data collection during that timeframe. It’s not a limitation but a carefully designed mission objective.
  3. How do lunar conditions differ from Earth’s? The Moon lacks an atmosphere and experiences minimal disturbances, making it a pristine environment where footprints and artifacts can last for millions of years.
  4. Are there future missions to retrieve lunar samples? Yes, ISRO has plans for upcoming missions that will retrieve lunar samples and bring them back to Earth for further study.
  5. What can we learn from Chandrayaan-3’s mission on the Moon? Chandrayaan-3’s mission will provide valuable insights into the lunar composition and resources, contributing to our understanding of the Moon’s geological history.

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